What is Refrigerant R22 Gas | R22 Refrigerant Gas

The hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerant R22 gas, also known as chlorodifluoromethane, is widely used in air conditioning and refrigeration systems. It was widely utilized as a refrigerant for several decades due to its favorable thermodynamic qualities and compatibility with current equipment.

R22 is a colorless and odorless gas that is widely used in household and commercial air conditioning systems, heat pumps, and some refrigeration equipment. It is well-known for its efficient heat transfer properties and has been utilized in a variety of applications such as home and commercial cooling, refrigeration, and industrial processes.

However, R22 has been demonstrated to be harmful to the ozone layer. It contains chlorine, which has been linked to ozone depletion. As a result, many countries have phased out or restricted R22 production and imports as part of international accords aimed at maintaining the ozone layer, such as the Montreal Protocol.

Alternative refrigerants with lesser environmental effect, such as R410A and R32, have been increasingly used to replace R22 in new air conditioning and refrigeration systems in recent years. Additionally, attempts have been made to convert or replace current R22 systems with more ecologically friendly refrigerants or equipment.

It is important to note that if you have an existing R22-using system, you should consult with a qualified HVAC professional for advice on servicing, maintenance, and potential retrofit or replacement options, taking into account the phase-out of R22 and the availability of suitable alternatives.

What is refrigerant R22 used for?

System of Air Conditioning:

R22 is widely utilized in home, commercial, and industrial air conditioning systems. It is used to promote cooling in both window air conditioners and central air conditioning units.

Heat Exchangers:

R22 is a refrigerant that is used in heat pump systems, which provide both heating and cooling by moving heat between the indoors and outside.

Refrigeration in the commercial sector:

R22 has been used in commercial refrigeration systems such as walk-in coolers, chilled display cases, and supermarket and restaurant refrigeration units.

Industrial Air Conditioning:

R22 has been utilized in industrial cooling applications such as large-scale manufacturing process chillers, industrial refrigeration systems, and cold storage facilities.

Refrigeration for transportation:

R22 has been used as a refrigerant in refrigerated trucks, trailers, and shipping containers to keep perishable items at the proper temperature throughout transport.

Because of its ozone-depleting qualities, the manufacturing and import of R22 have been phased down or prohibited in many countries. As a result, lower-impact refrigerants such as R410A and R32 have become the preferred choices for new installations and equipment replacements. To meet with regulatory requirements and reduce environmental effect, it is advised that R22 systems be retrofitted or replaced with alternative refrigerants or more ecologically friendly equipment.

R22 Gas Pressure Chart

Temperature (°C)Temperature (°F)Pressure (psig)

Please keep in mind that the temperature is given in Celsius as well as Fahrenheit, and the pressure is reported in pounds per square inch gauge (psig). These figures are estimates and may change based on the circumstances. For detailed information pertinent to your specific application, always reference the manufacturer’s documentation or an HVAC/R professional.

Which is better R22 or R32?

When comparing R22 with R32, keep the environment, energy efficiency, and compatibility with existing equipment in mind. Here’s an example:

Environmental Implications:

R22 is an ozone-depleting chemical (ODS) with a significant potential for global warming (GWP). Due to environmental concerns, numerous countries have phased out or banned its manufacturing and import. R32, on the other hand, has a lower GWP than R22 and hence is more environmentally friendly. R32 is considered a low-impact refrigerant and is used as a replacement for R22 in many contemporary systems.

Energy Conservation:

R32 has greater thermodynamic qualities than R22, which leads to higher energy efficiency. It offers improved heat transfer and requires less refrigerant volume to attain the same cooling capability. This can result in energy savings and lower running costs in R32-based systems.

Compatibility of Equipment:

Because R22 and R32 have different operating pressures, equipment intended for R22 may not be compatible with R32 without changes or retrofitting. Many newer air conditioning systems and heat pumps, on the other hand, are built to work with R32 refrigerant.


As R22 production and imports in many countries have been phased out, its supply has become limited, and its price has risen. R32 is a more extensively utilized and ecologically friendly refrigerant that is more freely available.

In terms of environmental impact, energy efficiency, and availability, R32 is widely thought to be superior to R22. To determine the acceptability and compatibility of R32 for specific equipment or applications, consult with HVAC professionals or manufacturers.

What is substitute for R22 gas

Because R22 refrigerant manufacturing and import have been phased out or limited in many countries due to its ozone-depleting tendencies, numerous alternative refrigerants have been introduced as R22 alternatives. Here are some typical R22 substitutes:


R410A is a popular R22 replacement in new air conditioning systems. It is a 0% ozone depletion potential (ODP) hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerant. R410A runs at greater pressures and necessitates special equipment developed for its use.


R407C is another frequent substitute for R22. It is an HFC refrigerant that is frequently used to retrofit existing R22 systems. Because R407C has a similar operating pressure to R22, it can be used with some current equipment without requiring significant adjustments.


R134a is an HFC refrigerant that has been utilized in some applications to replace R22. It has a lower GWP than R22 but works at higher pressures. R134a is a common refrigerant found in car air conditioning systems and some commercial refrigeration equipment.


R404A is an HFC mix refrigerant that can be used in place of R22 in refrigeration systems. It’s most commonly seen in low-temperature applications like commercial freezers and chilled display displays.

R407A and R407F :

These are HFC blends that are frequently used in air conditioning and refrigeration systems as drop-in replacements for R22. They have comparable performance to R22 and can be utilised in certain existing equipment without major modifications.

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